When I think of Ireland…

 

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On this rainy April day I find my thoughts turning to Ireland, and a number of adjectives immediately spring to mind…picturesque, bold, verdant, lush, untamed, timeless. Did I mention green?? Its incredibly varied landscape was both unexpected and spectacular! Ireland is truly one of the most beautiful and fascinating countries I have ever visited. While much of Western society seems to have melded into a uniformity of sorts, the Irish have managed to retain their own independent culture and unique appeal—not to mention identity and superstitions. (Truly, I half expected to see leprechauns lurking among the Celtic crosses and Druids gliding through the monastic ruins!) Below are but a few of the thousands of photos I took during my seven day visit. Everywhere you look in Ireland there is another gorgeous landscape to amaze the senses!

 

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America’s Friendliest Cities…#1 Charleston, South Carolina

Charleston

Some time ago, I posted the 2014 list of the Top Ten Friendliest Cities in America (according to a survey by Conde Nast Traveler), and pointed out that eight of the top ten are located in the South. Yay for the South! I have shared my impressions and recommendations of seven of those cities—some in greater depth than others—and have finally arrived at the #1 city on the list (and my personal favorite), Charleston, South Carolina. I have blogged about Charleston before (check tag list to read previous blog posts), but will share new information and personal insights in upcoming posts. To me, Charleston epitomizes the grace, elegance, refinement, strength, and courage of the South—particularly the women who have long been the backbone of the culture. (No offence intended toward Southern men.) Charleston exudes dignity, charm, and fierce determination as personified by the row of antebellum mansions regally positioned shoulder to shoulder along the battery, united in their stand against the ravages of time, the elements, and a shifting cultural tide. If ever I want to escape the here and now, my destination of choice is Charleston!

What to see and do and where to eat coming up…

 

Sunday in the South…Savannah’s Historic Churches

Charleston may be hailed as “The Holy City,” but Savannah has her fair share of historic houses of worship. Each of these churches has a fascinating and unique history and continues to stand as a testament to the city’s earliest men and women of faith. Many are open to tourists, though times vary from church to church.

Cathedral of St. John the Baptist

Cathedral of St. John the Baptist

Catholics were originally prohibited by colonial charter from settling in Savannah for fear that they would give their allegiance to the Spanish colonies in Florida rather than to the English settlers in Georgia. That ended following the Revolutionary War and this congregation formed around 1796. Construction began on this majestic cathedral on Lafayette Square in 1873, but shortly after its completion it was ravaged by fire. With dedication and hard work the edifice was rebuilt within a year. It is one of Savannah’s most ornate churches and is definitely worth a visit.

 

Christ Church

Christ Church

Located on Johnson Square, Christ Church is considered the “Mother Church of Georgia.” The current building dates to 1838 when it was erected on the trust lot designated by Oglethorpe as the site for the colony’s house of worship. John Wesley, the Father of Methodism and former rector of Christ Church, started America’s first Sunday School on this very spot.

 

First African Baptist Church

First African Baptist Church

Situated on Savannah’s west side and overlooking Franklin Square, First African Baptist Church is home to the oldest black congregation in America. This building was constructed in the mid-1850s by freedman and slaves and served as a stop on the Underground Railroad. Runaway slaves are said to have been hidden underneath the floorboards, and holes in the floor (which are still there today) enabled them to breathe.

 

First Baptist Church

First Baptist Church

Built in 1833 on Chippewa Square, this stately church is a fine example of classic Greek Revival Architecture. It is notably the oldest intact church building in Savannah, never having been damaged by fire or otherwise requiring reconstruction.

 

Independent Presbyterian Church

Independent Presbyterian Church

With its massive steeple stretching toward the heavens, Independent Presbyterian Church sits on the corner of Bull and Oglethorpe Streets. The current structure, dating to 1890, is actually a replica of the previous building, which was destroyed by fire a year earlier. Established by Scottish Highlanders who emigrated to Georgia in the 1700s, this church is a descendant of The Church of Scotland. It was home to composer and organist Lowell Mason, who wrote many hymns and is also remembered as the “father of public school music.”

 

Lutheran Church of the Ascension

Lutheran Church of the Ascension

This church was founded by Bavarian protestants who were exiled from their own country by Catholic authorities in the early 1700s. During the Civil War this building on Wright Square was used as a hospital, with pew cushions serving as beds and the pews themselves as firewood. Suffering extensive damage but not complete destruction, the church was renovated and refurbished between 1875 and 1879. The church’s crowning glory is a magnificent stained glass window in the sanctuary depicting the Ascension of Christ.

 

St. John’s Church

St. John's Church

Overlooking Madison Square, St. John’s Episcopal Church was organized as an expansion parish to Christ Church. Constructed less than a decade before the Civil War, it was occupied by Union chaplains during the conflict—even serving as a house of worship for Sherman and his troops, or so the story goes. St. John’s is known for its melodious bell chimes and beautiful stained-glass windows.

 

Temple Mickve Israel

Temple Mickve Israel

Sitting directly across Monterey Square from the infamous Mercer-Williams House, this Gothic-style synagogue is home to the third oldest Jewish congregation in the United States. Dating to 1878, the building houses a museum which contains a number of Jewish artifacts including the temple’s original 15th century Torah as well as letters written to the congregation by presidents Washington, Jefferson, and Madison.

 

Trinity United Methodist Church

Trinity United Methodist Church

Overlooking Telfair Square, this dignified edifice is constructed of Savannah gray brick in the Greek Revival style. The present congregation is descended from the original Methodist church (Wesley Chapel) established in Savannah by John Wesley, the father of Methodism.

 

Unitarian Universalist Church

Unitarian Universalist Church

This church building has a fascinating history. Originally constructed as a Unitarian Church, it is said to be the site upon which church organist, James Pierpont, composed his famous Christmas carol, “Jingle Bells.” The church’s strong abolitionist leaning led to its forced closure in the years leading up to the Civil War. The building was purchased by freed slaves in the post-war years to serve as the home of the first African Episcopal parish in Georgia. Ironically, it returned to the hands of the Unitarian Universalists in 1997.

 

Savannah: Gardens, Gates and Wrought Iron…

Savannah Garden

When choosing a travel destination, I often select a city that lends itself well to sightseeing on foot. (That way I can walk off all of the calories I take in sampling the local cuisine!) The Savannah historic district with its grid-type layout is packed with more interesting sights and photo ops than you can shake a stick at, and is relatively easy to navigate.  If, however, you are directionally challenged like me and happen to wander off-course, just ask anyone, “Which way to River Street?” and remember that the river is always north. (Of course, a walking map is a good idea. Grab one at the visitor center or purchase one at Parker’s Market.)  Much like Charleston to its north, Savannah is dotted with inviting gardens, intricately fashioned gates, and an abundance of finely crafted wrought iron. Be sure to allow enough time to wander up and down the streets in the historic residential areas in addition to the squares and main drags. You will find bits of beauty tucked into every nook and cranny—flower boxes, trellises, balconies, staircases, lamp posts, decorative grates, hitching posts, lanterns, and railings. It’s fun and it’s free! If your feet get tired, catch the express shuttle or take a trolley tour. There will likely be many other tourists out and about also, but as with anywhere you go, be aware of your surroundings and watch out for traffic!

To see how Charleston compares, go to Wrought Iron Artistry…Charleston, S.C.

What to See and Do: My Savannah Top Ten – Part 2

If you missed Part 1 of this post, you many want to check it out for the first five entries on my Savannah Top Ten list…

As previously stated, there is more to do in Savannah than a few days will allow.  Therefore, I am attempting to break down the sights into a manageable list of ten (or so) top choices—based on my personal experience. (I recommend at least a week for your visit, if at all possible.)

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  • River Street and the Waterfront: Be sure to walk along the riverfront—both on the upper level along Factor’s Walk and Factor’s Row and also on the lower level along the Savannah River. The majority of these buildings are restored cotton warehouses. Several of my favorite attractions in this general vicinity include the Waving Girl Statue, the World War II Memorial, the Cotton Exchange Building, the Old Harbor Light, the Old City Exchange Bell, and Washington’s Guns. You can also stand on the spot where General James Edward Oglethorpe landed in 1733. River Street is home to restaurants, pubs, hotels, galleries, boutiques, open market stalls, and riverboat cruises.
  • Green-Meldrim House: This elegant example of Greek Revival architecture served as the Civil War headquarters for Union General William Tecumseh Sherman. (From here he sent the famous—or infamous to us Southerners—telegram to President Lincoln, offering the city of Savannah as a Christmas gift.) Hoping to save his home as well as his cotton crop, the owner, Mr. Charles Green, offered the use of his home and graciously moved upstairs, occupying only a couple of rooms. It proved to be a prudent decision as the home is still standing. It currently belongs to St. John’s Episcopal Church. It has been designated a National Historic Landmark and is open for tours. (There are many such beautiful homes in Savannah, but I am recommending this one because I visited it personally and found its history and the tour to be fascinating.)
  • Ships of the Sea Museum/William Scarbrough House: Not only does this pristine historic home contain a notable and expansive collection of all things nautical (model ships, ships in a bottle, figureheads, instruments, implements, uniforms, bells, tableware, correspondence…), it also has the largest gardens in the historic section of Savannah. Both are worth your time! Laid out as a typical 19th century parlor garden and later expanded, Scarbrough Gardens abound with trees and flowers of all kinds as well as a koi pond and—of particular historic interest—the official United States Government weather station which stood in Savannah from 1870 until World War II.
  • Georgia State Railroad Museum: My great-grandfather was a railroad roundhouse foreman, so this museum (and fully functioning turntable) was quite fascinating to me. As part of the most complete antebellum railroad complex in the United States, it is a National Historic Landmark. We saw rail cars from various eras and got to climb aboard several. We also toured the blacksmith shop, the workers’ garden, and the storehouse and enjoyed close-up views of the turntable and a model of the city of Savannah—complete with working trains. I understand that you can take an actual train ride at certain times. This was actually one of my favorite attractions in Savannah!
  • Battlefield Memorial Park: Recreated to immortalize the “Siege of Savannah,” a costly battle fought during the American Revolution, this replica of the Spring Hill Redoubt stands a short distance from the actual fighting ground and serves as a memorial to those Savannah patriots who gave their lives in 1779.

There are many, many other things to see and do in Savannah, including the Telfair Museum, SCAD Museum of Art, and various Girl Scout-related sights (Juliette Gordon Low birthplace, Girl Scout First Headquarters, and Louisa Porter Home/Location of the First Girl Scout Meeting). Additionally, there are homes, churches, and government buildings—some of which I will cover in future posts, so check back!

What to See and Do: My Savannah Top Ten – Part 1

It is no surprise that Savannah garners high rankings on many “favorites” lists—Top Ten Friendliest Cities in America, The 9 Most Romantic Cities in the South, and 2014 World’s Best Cities Awards to name  just a few. (For a listing of more 2014 rankings, click here and scroll down.) In fact, there is so much to do in Savannah that you will need at least a week to even scratch the surface! It is difficult to limit myself to a Top Ten list, and even more difficult to order my ten selections by preference. So, I have formulated a list…but not necessarily in any particular order. In this post I will outline the first five recommendations…

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  • Trolley Tour: Anytime I visit a city for the first time—or even as a repeat visitor—I find that this is a great way to get the lay of the land and begin to formulate a plan. Savannah has a number of trolley tour options—Old Town Trolley Tours, Oglethorpe Trolley Tours, and Old Savannah Tours. We had not done any real research before arriving so went with Old Town Trolley Tours. We had to wait for a second trolley as the first one that came by was full. The tour was informative and interesting. We were not happy at all, however, when we discovered that the tour ends promptly at 5:30, at which time we were dumped at the Visitor Center and forced to walk a fair distance back to the main drag. No one told us that when we purchased our tickets, so be sure to check the time schedule to avoid finding yourself in this predicament! The locals we spoke to later recommended Old Savannah Tours, complete with guides attired in authentic Southern garb. I think we will give them a try next time around. Most, if not all, of the trolleys offer hop-on, hop-off service, which is quite convenient.
  • Walking Tour: I find that a local guide adds so much to the tourist experience! I generally make arrangements for a private tour whenever I visit a new city. Granted, this can be a bit pricey, but I find it worthwhile as it guarantees that I will see the most important sights while efficiently budgeting my time. I try to schedule the tour for the second day so that I have plenty of time later to follow up on anything that piques my interest or that I would like to explore in greater depth. If a group tour is more to you liking, you might stop by the Savannah Visitor Center or consider Savannah Walks. Another option is a self-guided walking tour. I purchased a fabulous Guide for about seven dollars at Parker’s Market. It is called The Savannah Guidebook Including 4 Unique Walking Tours. I highly recommend it! Or you can drop by the Visitor Center and pick up self-guided walking, driving and bike tours, free maps and brochures on local attractions.
  • City Market: This four-block area in historic downtown Savannah is a throwback to the city’s open market of bygone days. With restaurants, entertainment, art galleries, gift and specialty shops (I quickly ran inside one of these and purchased an umbrella when it began to rain unexpectedly), sweet shops, beautiful flowers, and even benches to rest your weary feet, this is a great place to browse, rest, or purchase tickets for a trolley or carriage tour.
  • Forsyth Park: Dating back to the 1840s, this serene and beautiful park was envisioned by General Oglethorpe and later laid out and named for Governor John Forsyth. Visitors are drawn to the regal Forsyth Fountain which stands as the park’s crowning glory. Likely the most photographed thing in all of Savannah, the cast iron structure is said to have been modeled after the fountain in Paris’ Place de la Concorde. (While by no means identical, there is a resemblance.) Also located in the 20-acre park is the Confederate War Memorial, dating back to 1879. This is a great place for a stroll or simply for quiet contemplation. The park plays host to a variety of cultural events throughout the year.

I will round out my Savannah Top Ten in the next post, so stay tuned…

America’s Friendliest Cities…#2 Savannah, Georgia

Because there is so much to see and do in Savannah, my exploration of city #2 on the “America’s Friendliest” list will extend beyond one post…I can’t see how to do it justice otherwise! I will begin with a look at Savannah’s signature squares…

When James Edward Oglethorpe (and his band of 113 English colonists) arrived in Georgia in 1733, he laid out the unique city plan that is still in existence today. Beginning with four initial squares—Johnson, Wright, Ellis, and Telfair—historic Savannah eventually grew to include twenty-four such squares. Twenty-two of those remain to this day. When visiting Savannah, I suggest that you pick up a good guidebook (I recommend Paul Bland’s The Savannah Guidebook Including 4 Unique Walking Tours, which you can purchase at Parker’s Market for about seven bucks) and make your way through as many of the historic squares as possible. Below are photos of the fourteen squares that I visited…

Johnson Square

Johnson Square: Named for Robert Johnson, who was the Royal Governor of South Carolina when Georgia was founded in 1733, this was the first square built in Savannah.

Calhoun Square: Named for South Carolina native and U. S. Vice President John C. Calhoun, this is the only square with all original buildings intact.

Calhoun Square: Named for South Carolina native and U. S. Vice President John C. Calhoun, this is the only square with all original buildings intact.

Chippewa Square: Also known as Forrest Gump Square, this square was named for the Battle of Chippewa---an American victory over the British during the War of 1812.

Chippewa Square: Also known as Forrest Gump Square, it was named for the Battle of Chippewa—an American victory over the British during the War of 1812.

1 - Columbia Square

Columbia: Named for America, this lovely square centers around a fountain from Savannah’s historic Wormsloe Plantation.

Ellis Square: For a time, this square was swallowed up by a parking lot.  It was reclaimed a few years ago and is the most "modern" of the squares.

Ellis Square: For a time, this square—one of the original four—was swallowed up by a parking lot. It was reclaimed a few years ago and is the most “modern” of the squares.

Franklin Square

Franklin Square: This square was named for Benjamin Franklin. The monument above was erected to honor Haitian veterans of the American Revolution.

Lafayette Square: Named for the Marquis de Lafayette, a wealthy Frenchman who assisted the U.S. during the American Revolution. The fountain was fountain dedicated by the Colonial Dames of America.

Lafayette Square: Named for the Marquis de Lafayette, a wealthy Frenchman who assisted the U.S. during the American Revolution, this square contains a fountain dedicated by the Colonial Dames of America.

Madison Square: This square was named for the fourth U. S. president, James Madison.

Madison Square: This square was named for the fourth U. S. president, James Madison.

Monterey Square: Possibly best known as the setting for much of "The Book," this square commemorates the Battle of Monterey during the Mexican-American War. It is considered by many to be the most luxurious of the city's squares.

Monterey Square: Possibly best known as the scene of the crime in “The Book,” this square commemorates the Battle of Monterey during the Mexican-American War. It is considered by many to be the most luxurious of the city’s squares.

Orleans Square: This square commemorates the heroes of the Battle of New Orleans. The fountain was erected in honor of Savannah's German immigrants.

Orleans Square: This square commemorates the heroes of the Battle of New Orleans. The fountain was erected in honor of Savannah’s German immigrants.

Reynolds Square: Originally named Lower Square, the current moniker honors John Reynolds, the first Royal Governor of Georgia.

Reynolds Square: Originally named Lower Square, the current moniker honors John Reynolds, the first Royal Governor of Georgia.

Telfair Square: One of the original four squares in Savannah, it was originally known as St. James' Square. It was later renamed in honor of Edward Telfair, philanthropist and governor of Georgia.

Telfair Square: One of the original four squares in Savannah, it was first called St. James’ Square after the royal residence in London. It was later renamed in honor of Edward Telfair, philanthropist and governor of Georgia.

Troup Square: Named in honor of George Michael Troup, a Senator and Governor of Georgia, this square contains an unusual sculpture---an astronomical device known as an Armillary Sphere.

Troup Square: Named in honor of George Michael Troup, a Senator and Governor of Georgia, this square contains an unusual sculpture—an astronomical device known as an Armillary Sphere.

Wright Square: One of the original four squares, it has also been called Upper Square and Percival Square. It's current name honors the last Royal Governor of Georgia, Sir James Wright.

Wright Square: The last of the original four squares, it has also been called Upper Square and Percival Square. It’s current name honors the last Royal Governor of Georgia, Sir James Wright.

These squares are now lovely parks in the heart of historic Savannah. Each has its own unique character, but all are tranquil and beautiful. Sadly, Elbert and Liberty Squares have fallen victim to urban sprawl and no longer exist. In addition to the fourteen squares I have covered above, there are eight others—Chatham, Crawford, Greene, Oglethorpe, Pulaski, Warren, Washington, and Whitfield. I hope to eventually make it back to Savannah and see those as well! For more information about Savannah’s historic squares, or to learn more about visiting the city, click here.

Coming up next…What to See and Do: My Savannah Top Ten